Three basic cyber security defence approaches

Security technology 

Technology is a crucial element in keeping a business protected from cyber attacks. There are mainly three entities that must be protected: the cloud, endpoint devices (computers, routers, and smart devices), and networks. Some common technology used to protect such entities includes malware protection, email security solutions, firewalls, antivirus software, and DNS filtering.

Processes and frameworks

Organisations also need to have a framework for how they deal with cyber attacks. This works as guidelines for how to identify and avoid attacks. And also for how to protect the company systems, detect and respond to threats, and recover from successful attacks.

Informed people and strong security culture within the organisation

The organisation needs to have informed employees who understand the cyber security risks and threats the organisation is faced with. Just as important, is that the employees also comply with the security frameworks and principles within the organisation. This includes creating strong passwords and notifying the security team when receiving suspicious emails, or other forms of communication.

What are the different types of cyber security?

The term cyber security can be applied to a variety of contexts, and can therefore be divided into some common categories: